Hormonal imbalance precisely means the little less or excessively high quantity of certain hormone which normally does not work properly, in results it causes changes in the body.
Hormones control mood, sexual arousal, reproduction, sleep cycle, and metabolism. The only reason for a significant change in the body even with just a slight difference is because it controls the main parts of the human body.
It could be a physical or an abstract change, so it is necessary for a hormone to have an exact measure to work on an organ.
Naturally level of hormones swings at different stages of life in women it happens in pregnancy duration, menstrual cycle, and in menopause.
What are Hormones?
The hormone is a secretory product of endocrine glands are a special group of cells or organs.
The hormone is released directly in the bloodstream to be carried to other parts of the body, where they affect particular target cells.
Even a little excessive or less of certain hormones can have a profound effect on human body activities like development, behavior, growth, reproduction, and many more.
What causes the hormonal imbalance?
Speaking of causes, there are multiple reasons for Hormonal imbalance. Each cause relies on what glands or Hormones are affected, sometimes the causes are in our daily routine and we have no idea about eating disorders.
Eating disorder means unhealthy eating habits like being obsessed with food however lifestyle also affects body weight or body shape, these things in our daily routine can be deadly, anyone who is in that phase must consult with a doctor.
There are other renowned causes as well like stress, tumor, medication, hormone therapy, trauma, and pituitary tumor. Hormone imbalance sometimes even initiates diseases like diabetes and hypogonadism.
Women, in general, have hormonal imbalance caused due to reproduction Hormones like menopause, a phase after the age of 45 where a woman normally loses the ability to give birth, or perimenopause a phase before menopause means a time period of 40 years to 45 years.
Symptoms of Hormonal imbalance
Hormones play an essential role in the human body, hence there are multiple symptoms of Hormonal imbalance, symptoms or change can either be determined by the hormone or glands which are not working correctly.
Ps: Always remember these symptoms given below are not always meant for a hormonal imbalance, one should get consulted by a doctor.
- Dry skin
- A decrease in sex drive
- Increasing of thirst
- Thin hair
- Excessive hunger
- Weak muscles
- Abnormal weight gain
- Abnormal weight loss
- Pain in joints
- Swelling in joints
- Increased urination
- Increased or decreased heart rate
Symptoms in female
- Vaginal dryness
- Pain during sex
- Hair loss
- Darkened skin
- Excessive hair on different parts.
Hormonal imbalance in women
Usually, in most women, it arrives by the time period of 21 to 35 days, if a woman is not having periods in that time or skipping periods for more than a month.
It is most likely for that woman to have either too little of an excessive amount of estrogen or progesterone.
The woman above 40 has irregular periods because of perimenopause which occurs before menopause.
It is normal to feel dryness sometimes. But when it irritates you or it gets dry more often than it might be the cause of low estrogen.
Estrogen helps the vaginal by sending moist tissues to it, which makes it comfortable. So reducing the level of estrogen can cause dryness in the vaginal.
Hormonal imbalance causes problems in the brain, which then eventually affects neurotransmitters serotonin causing cortisol to increase than usual ultimately leading to psychiatric conditions like anxiety and depression.
Science has proved that mood swings occur when Hormones quickly increase their level.
The reason being when estrogen level increases it affects dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, and with them, it also affects neurotransmitters that are responsible for mood swings.
Pain in the Belly:
In the human body, the gut line joins with cella called receptors which react to estrogen and progesterone. Whenever these hormones are in excessive or in lower amounts.
One could feel pain in the stomach, diarrhea, and nausea. It gets even worse when a woman is having periods.
Acne which won’t clear up is probably the work of androgen, androgen is a hormone which is available in male and female both.
An excessive amount of androgen causes skin glands on a face to overwork which then fills your pores and causes acne.
If you are not getting good sleep or normal efficient enough hours of sleep which are necessary for the human body, then it is most likely progesterone, a hormone released by the ovary, making it hard to fall asleep.
Low estrogen level also brings hot flashes and night sweats which both make it hard to rest.
Changes in estrogen and progesterone can make you feel low or drowsy about your memory and while remembering things. It usually occurs when a woman gets into the phase of perimenopause or menopause.
Diseases like thyroid also cause memory problems. It is better to consult with a doctor than to let it become a bigger problem.
You sleep healthy hours of sleep, but still, you feel tired or feeling as if you want to sleep more and you have no energy to go out, an extra amount of progesterone can make you sleepy, and deficiency of thyroid can make you feel low or less energized.
It is better to checkout by having a blood test of the thyroid panel, which tells if your estrogen level is too less or too high.
A low amount of estrogen can make you feel irritated also deficiency of estrogen can make a person eat more than usual.
It also affects the food regulating hormone also know as Leptin, It is better to consult a doctor before this hormonal imbalance lets you gain a lot of fat in your body.
Less sex interest:
Generally, people consider a hormone named as testosterone as just a male hormone but it also occurs in women, a woman feels almost no interest in sex because of low testosterone levels.
So if you are an adult and have no feeling of sexual arousal it might be the work of testosterone, you should get tested for testosterone, it is a bad hormonal imbalance for relationships, you can even your partner because of it.
Changes in the breast:
Deficiency of estrogen can make your breast less dense while excessive tissues of estrogen can cause a dense breast.
If just these symptoms occur then probably it is an overwork of estrogen, and one should get consulted with a doctor about it.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS):
Polycystic ovary syndrome PCOS is a condition in which irregular periods meaning eggs are not released from the ovary by a certain time.
Polycystic ovaries are enlarged ovaries with different fluids in them that cover the egg both problems occur due to hormonal imbalance of reproductive Hormones.
Androgen a male hormone causes a condition in which a woman has characteristics of a man like the excess amount of hair on the face and other different parts of the body.
Lactation is the process that causes milk production, for women who are about to give birth or have just given birth, lactation is common.
Hormones give a message to mammary glands to start producing milk to feed the baby, but lactating without pregnancy is a disease known as galactorrhea.
Prolactin is a hormone produced by the pituitary gland in the brain. When the production of prolactin is in excessive amounts than needed for milk production, it causes production excessively without pregnancy.
- Randomly leakage of milk from nipples.
- Increased breast size
- Irregular or missed periods
- Excessively growth of hair
Hormonal imbalance in children
photo credit; Momjunction
Production of sex cells starts in boys and girls in the time period of Puberty, children with delayed Puberty sometimes turns out to have a condition called hypogonadism.
Hypogonadism is a condition in which a boy or girl lacks in producing sex Hormones, gonads also know as sex hormone-producing glands in a man are testes while women have ovaries.
These sex hormones also control secondary sex characteristics such as increasing the size of breasts in girls and testicular development in boys.
Gonads are the very Hormones that produce the menstrual cycle and production of sperms, hypogonadism is also known as gonad deficiency when it is found in boys.
Boys may face these problems in hypogonadism:
- Lack of muscle mass development
- Hair grows excessively on arms and legs
- Lower voice
Girls may face these problems in hypogonadism:
- Reduced growth rate
- Development of breast tissues stops
- Menstruation does not begin
Hormonal imbalance in men
photo credit; Amchara Health Retreats
Normally for a man to have hormonal imbalance is common while aging, as the man grows old his testosterone hormone also decreases which then makes a man fatigued, the lake of energy, tired, weakness in muscles, loss of hair.
But there are Hormones other than testosterone-like cortisol, thyroid, and insulin which cause problems in men.
Testicle produces testosterone, it helps to build muscle mass while it is also responsible for sexual arousal in men so as it goes down than usual it starts affecting the following things.
- Low sex drive
- Less dense semen
- Loosing of muscle mass
- Erection problem
The adrenal gland produces cortisol a steroid hormone is also known as “stress hormone” because the adrenal gland releases it in stress moreover it also increases blood pressure, heart rate, and sugar level in your bloodstream.
Which makes it an alarming hormone, hormonal imbalance in cortisol have symptoms given below:
- High blood pressure
- Muscle weakness
- Quick weight gain
- Mood swings
- Frequent urination
The thyroid is a gland in the neck with a butterfly shape, it regulates metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland produces more Hormones than usual hence it causes problems in man.
Symptoms of Hormonal imbalance in hypothyroidism are given below:
- Hair loss
- Lower sex drive
- Muscle mass loss
- Low testosterone level
Balancing your hormones
Eating a healthy and proteinous diet is necessary to keep up a healthy amount of Hormones
We normally do not consider our meal to precisely have a reasonable amount of protein hence it causes hormone deficiency and then the problem begins.
Hormones are your body’s chemical messengers. Being physically active can also make your hormone level perfect hence physical activity increases the neurotransmitter “dopamine” which is responsible for our pleasure, by increasing pleasure it automatically decreases stress.
Sleeping enough hours in the night is compulsory moreover during sleep, glands release multiple hormones especially growth hormones which helps in repairing or making new tissues similarly sleep also balance our hunger by keeping our ghrelin and leptin hormone in favorable amount.